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CAMBODIA

   
 
 
 

The Kingdom of Cambodia, formerly known as Kampuchea, Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា or Preăh Réachéa Nachâk Kâmpŭchéa, derived from the Indian language of Sanskrit Kambujadesa, is a country in Southeast Asia that borders Thailand to the west and northwest, Laos to the north, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the south. The geography of Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong River (Khmer: Tonle Thom (ទន្ល?ធំ) or "the great river") and the Tonlé Sap (ទន្ល?សាប; "the fresh water lake").
The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihamoni as king who has reigned since 2004. Phnom Penh is the kingdom's capital and largest city, and is the center of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities. Siem Reap, a city located near the famous ruins of Angkor Wat is the gateway to the Angkor region, and is Cambodia's main destination for tourism. Battambang, the largest city in western Cambodia, is known for its rice production, and Sihanoukville, a coastal city, is the primary sea port and beach resort.
Cambodia has an area of 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 sq mi) and a population of over 14 million ethnic Khmer. A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as "Cambodian" or "Khmer", though they strictly refer to ethnic Khmers. Most Cambodians are Theravada Buddhists, but the country also have a minority number of Muslim Cham, as well as ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese and small animist hill tribes.
Agriculture has long been the most important sector to the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Other important sectors include garments, construction and tourism - foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million in 2007. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy.

Agriculture has long been the most important sector of the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Garments, tourism, and construction are also important, yielded, foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy. Observers fear much of the revenue could end up in the hands of the political elites if not monitored correctly.

Kingdom of Cambodia

 

Capital (and largest city) Phnom Penh 11°33′N 104°55′E

 

 

 

 

 

Official language(s) Khmer
Demonym Khmer or Cambodian
Government Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary representative democracy
King Norodom Sihamoni
Prime Minister Hun Sen
Area Total 181,035 km2 69,898 sq mi 
Area Water 2.5%
Population(2009 estimate) 14,805,000
Cambodia religiosity Buddhism 95% Islam 3% Christianity 2%
Currency Riel (banknotes and coins) (៛) (KHR)
Time zone  (UTC+7)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .kh
Calling code 855

City and province sizes

On 22 December 2008, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a Royal Decree that changed the municipalities of Kep, Pailin and Sihanoukville into provinces, as well as adjusting several provincial borders.

 No. City or province 
Area
km²  sq mi
 1 Capital of Phnom Penh 290 112 
 2 Kandal Province 3,568 1,378
 3 Takeo Province 3,563 1,376
 4 Kampong Cham Province 9,799 3,783
 5 Kampong Thom Province 13,814 5,334
 6 Siem Reap Province 10,299 3,976
 7 Preah Vihear Province 13,788 5,324
 8 Oddar Meancheay Province 6,158 2,378
 9 Banteay Meanchey Province 6,679 2,579
 10 Battambang Province 11,072 4,275
 11 Pailin Province 803 310
 12 Pursat Province 12,692 4,900
 13 Kampong Chhnang Province 5,521 2,132
 14 Kampong Speu Province 7,017 2,709
 15 Koh Kong Province 11,160 4,309
 16 Sihanoukville Province 868 335
 17 Kampot Province 4,873.2 1,881.6
 18 Kep Province 335.8 129.7
 19 Prey Veng Province 4,883 1,885
 20 Svay Rieng Province 2,966 1,145
 21 Kratie Province 11,094 4,283
 22 Stung Treng Province 11,092 4,283
 23 Ratanakiri Province 10,782 4,163
 24 Mondulkiri Province 14,288 5,517
 25 Tonlé Sap (Great Lake) 3,000 1,158

TOTAL AREA 181,035 69,898
 

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